CT angiography of the artery of Adamkiewicz with 64-section technology: first experience in children.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Preoperative localization of the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA) may be useful in selected children in prevention of ischemic spinal complications of spinal or thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. The aim of our study was to investigate the ability of 64-section CT for assessing the AKA in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty children (mean age, 7.5 +/- 5 years) underwent thoracic imaging with a 64-section CT scanner after intravenous injection of 1.5 mL/kg of contrast agent. Volumetric reconstructions were obtained for every patient. Identification of the AKA was performed on the basis of continuity from the aorta to the anterior spinal artery with a characteristic hairpin turn. Identification of the AKA and determination of its origin and course were analyzed by 2 independent radiologists. RESULTS The AKA was successfully visualized in 38 patients (95%). Twenty-seven (71.1%) AKAs originated on the left side, whereas 11 (28.9%) originated on the right side. It was seen to originate at the level of the left 5th intercostal artery in 1 patient, the left 8th in 4, the left 9th in 15, the left 10th in 5, the left 11th in 2, the right 8th in 2, the right 9th in 6, the right 10th in 2, and the right 12th in 1. CONCLUSION Sixty-four-section CT angiography depicted the AKA in a very high percentage (95%) of children. The results of this study suggest that 64-section CT angiography is a viable noninvasive technique that could be an alternate to selective angiography for delineating the AKA.

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